Access to information is a fundamental right of all Michigan residents. Since no individual library has the resources available to meet all patron needs, libraries participate in resource sharing services. These services supplement and greatly expand local collections, remove geographic barriers and are essential to libraries of all types and sizes. Successful resource sharing services depend on the ability to identify, locate and promptly deliver specific items to library patrons.
The purpose of the Michigan eLibrary Catalog (MeLCat) resource sharing service is to facilitate unmediated, patron-initiated borrowing and lending between participating libraries in Michigan. Participating libraries have agreed to abide by the resource sharing policies in this document. These policies are developed by the MeL Resource Sharing Policies Committee and are based on the ATLAS Interlibrary Loan Policies finalized on February 7, 2002. They become effective upon approval by the State Librarian.
The purpose of the policies outlined herein is to:
MeLCat resource sharing services, as defined in these policies, are intended to serve as a supplement to, not a substitute for, local collection development and local automated circulation systems. Participating libraries are responsible for providing their own local circulation systems.
In Michigan, resource sharing arrangements have been developed by library groups and networks organized geographically or by mutual interest. The intent of these policies is to expand local resource sharing to a statewide level. The policies established in this document are based on accepted national practice and have been designed to be as liberal and easy to use as possible. It is not the intent of these policies to govern resource sharing with libraries outside of Michigan.
The INN-Reach Application Programming Interface (API) is the set of instructions needed for local system software to interact with the MeLCat system. It is through this interaction that bibliographic and holdings records are updated either in real time or batch mode on MeLCat. The API also describes all INN-Reach circulation messages between the central server and local systems. API programs can be written by vendors of library systems according to specifications supplied by Innovative Interfaces.
The process used to authorize patrons for access to resources or services. A library card number (or similar library identification number) from a participating library will be used when placing MeLCat resource sharing requests.
The library that borrows items requested by its patrons through the MeLCat resource sharing system. The borrowing library checks out the requested items to its patrons. It is the patron's home library.
The NISO Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) standard (Z39.83) intended to facilitate communication between diverse circulation and interlibrary loan systems. The standard defines the messages corresponding to circulation transactions such as authenticating patrons, checking-out, renewing or checking-in items between disparate remote systems.
Materials that the lending library does not expect to have returned. Examples of non-returnables include photocopies or facsimiles, fiche to fiche copies, print copies of microfilm, and electronic full-text documents.
Ptypes are used to define categories of patrons who may have different circulation privileges.
SSH (Secure SHell) is a program designed to perform a number of functions, such as file transfer between computers, execution of commands on a remote computer, or logging on to a computer over a network. It does these tasks with greater security than previous programs such as telnet or ftp.
SSL is an acronym for "Secure Sockets Layer", a security protocol that provides communications privacy over the Internet. The protocol allows client/server applications to communicate in a way that is designed to prevent eavesdropping, tampering, or message forgery.
The library that supplies an item requested through the MeLCat resource sharing system. The lending library lends the item to the borrowing library.
The time it takes an item to be transported between libraries.
In-person borrowing by patrons authorized by their home libraries to check out materials at the lending libraries. Both the home and lending libraries must be participants in the MeLCat reciprocal borrowing service. These patrons are called visiting patrons.
Week days are Monday through Friday, excluding the Delivery Holidays.
Pickup Elsewhere is an optional service allowing patrons to have their items delivered to any participating Pickup Elsewhere location within the MeLCat system. Staff at Pickup Elsewhere locations can receive and check out materials for patrons that belong to other sites. Both the home and pickup location libraries must agree to be participants in the MeLCat Pickup Elsewhere feature.
The MeLCat resource sharing service is available to registered library patrons at any participating MeLCat library in Michigan. Patrons must be authorized to borrow materials through MeLCat and be in good standing with their local school, public, academic or special libraries as defined by the policies of their home libraries. The patrons can search, make requests, renew, review status and cancel requests prior to the items shipping. Patrons may not place holds or recalls on MeLCat items.
Eligible patrons will be allowed to have up to 50 active MeLCat requests at a time. MeLCat requests are active from the time they are made until the requested items have been returned to the lending libraries or until they are canceled.
Patrons requesting and receiving items through the MeLCat system are responsible for complying with the conditions of loan established by MeLCat and their home libraries. They are responsible for making sure their patron information is up-to-date at their home libraries. Patrons are also responsible for returning items to the library from which they were borrowed on or before the stated due date, as well as for paying any late fees, damage or replacement reimbursement fees while the item is in their possession as determined by the policy of the patron's home library. If patrons return materials to a different library, they may be responsible for fines accrued until the items are checked in by the borrowing library.
Any Michigan library may participate in the MeLCat resource sharing service. Participation is voluntary. A participating library agrees to:
Participating libraries are required to make their circulating book collections available for loan. Special collections, including audio-visual collections, may be made available at the discretion of the lending library. Participating libraries that wish to borrow audio-visual materials must make some portion of their locally circulating audio-visual collection available. Libraries with no locally circulating or otherwise restricted audio-visual collections may apply for a waiver of this requirement. Libraries are encouraged to be generous about lending their circulating materials.
Materials with a status of available in the patron's home library will not be requestable through MeLCat.
MeLCat libraries that participate in the resource sharing system are expected to use both the borrowing and lending components of the service.
The MeLCat resource sharing service goal is to get requested materials to patrons as quickly and efficiently as possible from any participating library in the state. Further, the service seeks to balance lending and borrowing among all participating libraries so that there are no net lenders. To balance lending and borrowing, MeLCat staff will regularly monitor usage and adjust the request balancing tables in the software.
Libraries without online catalogs and automated circulation systems will be able to participate in MeLCat resource sharing when they have met the minimum requirement for adding their holdings to the MeLCat statewide union catalog. At that time, they may begin inputting patron records to the MeLCat central system and authorizing patrons to make requests.
Participating libraries are expected to respond to requests for materials within two week days. Unfilled requests are sent on after 6 days.
While lending libraries are encouraged to loan materials as generously as possible, it is understood that some items may not be loaned because they are in poor condition, not on the shelf, checked out, being processed, non-circulating or have local restrictions on use. Libraries are expected to provide reasons why they are unable to lend requested materials.
MeLCat libraries are required to participate in the statewide delivery service in a way that enables their shipments to be delivered in a timely manner. A library's participation in MeLCat resource sharing will be suspended during times the statewide delivery service is not operational, e.g., during the summer months for libraries using the partial year delivery option.
Shipping guidelines for all libraries are available on the statewide delivery service procedures site.
Participating libraries are responsible for including approved paging slips and exterior identification with each item shipped. For procedures, see MeL Book Bands and Book Labels .
Borrowing libraries will return items promptly, follow up with patrons when needed and use the packaging required by the statewide delivery service.
Participating libraries without an application programming interface (API) between their local systems and the MeLCat system are strongly encouraged, but not required, to obtain NCIP Direct Consortial Borrowing INN-Reach DCB Application Profile capability for their local systems.
Requests for materials are patron-initiated. Borrowing library staff are expected to help their patrons use the resource sharing system and to communicate between their patrons and the lending libraries about items not returned, items damaged and other situations.
Participating library staff will be authorized for access to the appropriate MeLCat functions after they have completed the required training.
Participating libraries will be responsible for monitoring their own MeLCat management and statistical reports for their lending and borrowing activities and for following up on materials identified in tracking reports.
Libraries will be expected to participate in staff and patron evaluations as needed.
If a library decides to withdraw from MeLCat participation, it will be responsible for responding to MeLCat resource sharing requests until a mutually-agreed date within three months notice of withdrawal.
Libraries wishing to rejoin MeLCat after a withdrawal will need to repeat the MeLCat implementation process. This will result in the library being placed at the end of the loading queue, generally requiring a wait of more than one year.
Participating libraries must provide up-to-date records for their patrons who are eligible to request MeLCat items. Records for other patrons may also be provided and identified as ineligible to make requests. At least two test patron records must be provided. The patron records must have the patron's name, identifier such as a barcode, expiration date, and patron type coding. Optionally, the patron records may also include the patron's address, telephone number, email address, PIN and blocks, e.g., for money owed.
Daily updates of new and changed patron information are recommended. The frequency of patron record updates is at the discretion of the participating library. Patron record deletions can be done as part of the daily update process or on a quarterly basis, depending on local system capabilities.
Participating libraries are responsible for ensuring the confidentiality of patron records according to the Michigan Library Privacy Act, PA 455 of 1982 as amended. For information see: Michigan Library Privacy Act .
Participating libraries' patron records that are stored on MeLCat servers will only be accessible to authorized MeLCat staff and to library staff with authorization to view or edit their own libraries' records. Only authorized staff at the home library may override blocks for their patrons.
Copies of the patron records will be made only for the purposes of system backup in case of emergencies and will be kept no longer than three months. Patron information will not be archived. MeLCat will keep no borrowing history information linked to patron records after the materials have been returned to the lending libraries.
To ensure secure transmission of patron information between local system and MeLCat servers, participating libraries with an API will use Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) security protocol for data encryption. Participating libraries without an API will use Secure Shell (SSH) security protocol to transmit patron records to MeLCat.
These loan rules are used for all MeLCat returnable materials circulated through borrowing libraries.
MeLCat’s standard loan period between libraries allows 31 days for delivery, pickup and use of the item, and its return. The length of loan to patrons is three weeks with one renewal.
MeLCat’s optional loan period between libraries allows 17 days for delivery, pickup and use of the item, and its return. The length of loan to patrons is 7 days with no renewal. Only music audio formats, videos (VHS) and DVDs may use this optional loan rule.
MeLCat items on standard loan may be renewed once for three weeks from the date renewed. Renewals will not be granted until seven days before the due date. Renewals are not guaranteed and will not be granted for materials needed by the lending library, for materials using the optional loan period, or for patrons no longer in good standing with their home libraries. Library staff are authorized to renew overdue MeLCat items, at their discretion.
The borrowing library is responsible for retrieving overdue items from its patrons. Overdue fines are the local decision of the borrowing library. Loans between the lending library and the borrowing library will be considered overdue when they are 30 days past the due date.
Libraries will not charge overdue fines to each other.
The borrowing library is responsible for items its patrons claim to have returned. No updates will be made in MeLCat until the lending library has been contacted to determine if the item has been received. Claims returned items will be treated as overdue or lost in MeLCat, if the items cannot be located.
Participating MeLCat libraries will not charge any fees to patrons wishing to initiate MeLCat requests, whether for the delivery cost, staff processing time, failure to pick up the requested item, or any similar reason. Libraries will not solicit donations solely for the purpose of offsetting their costs for MeLCat processing or delivery. The Library of Michigan subsidizes the MeLCat system so that it is accessible at no cost to the end user. Borrowing libraries may choose to charge their patrons for lost, overdue or damaged MeLCat materials. No other fees may be charged by borrowing libraries.
Borrowing libraries will be responsible for notifying their patrons when materials are available for pickup and when materials are overdue. Patron notices provided by MeLCat will be sent via email. Libraries using MeLCat for their patron notices will supply a library email account to be used as a default. Libraries without an API can choose whether to notify their patrons through MeLCat or through their local systems. Libraries with an API will use their local systems for notices.
Recalls cannot be placed on items in MeLCat.
Patrons will be given ten days to pick up items at the borrowing library or alternate pickup location before the materials will be returned to the lending library.
Materials borrowed through MeLCat will not be placed on course reserve at the borrowing library.
Visiting patron reciprocal borrowing is a service provided by MeLCat to give patrons of participating libraries the option to get immediate access to the materials they need. Patrons are able to check materials out in person at the lending libraries instead of waiting for the materials to be delivered to their home libraries for pickup. Their home libraries are still responsible for the borrowed materials until they are returned. This service builds on reciprocal borrowing arrangements already in use among Michigan libraries.
Use of the visiting patron reciprocal borrowing service is optional for each MeLCat participating library. Libraries that choose to participate in reciprocal borrowing agree to lend as well as borrow. Libraries will determine which of their patron types are eligible to be visiting patrons. Eligible patrons may go to any MeLCat library that participates in reciprocal borrowing and may check out materials even if the items are available in their home libraries.
Participating libraries are responsible for informing patrons about their visiting patron privileges through MeLCat. They agree to take responsibility for the materials their patrons check out at lending libraries. They agree to lend to eligible, registered patrons from other MeLCat reciprocal borrowing libraries. They agree to identify as MeLCat loans the materials they check out to visiting patrons. Visiting patron loans are subject to lending library policies regarding limits for checking out specific formats.
Patrons who visit lending libraries to check out materials need to be eligible and registered with a barcode or other patron identifier from MeLCat libraries that participate in visiting patron reciprocal borrowing. They will also be expected to present a picture ID when borrowing materials. They may return materials to either the lending libraries or their home libraries.
Pickup Elsewhere is a service provided by MeLCat to give patrons of participating libraries the option to have their items delivered to any participating Pickup Elsewhere location. Patrons are able to check materials out in person at an alternative pickup location instead of the default of having it delivered to their home libraries for pickup. Their home libraries are still responsible for the borrowed materials until they are returned.
Libraries that choose to participate in Pickup Elsewhere agree to allow their users to select from alternative pickup locations as well as to serve as an alternative pickup location for other libraries.
Participating libraries are responsible for informing patrons about their Pickup Elsewhere privileges through MeLCat. They agree to take responsibility for the materials their patrons check out at alternative pickup locations. They agree to process and checkout to patrons from other MeLCat libraries materials which arrive at their library as an alternative pickup location. They agree to identify as MeLCat loans the materials they check out as Pickup Elsewhere loans.
At the time of pickup, patrons from an eligible Pickup Elsewhere library must provide a picture ID and the barcode or other patron identifier for their home library. They may return materials to either the Pickup Elsewhere location, the original lending libraries or their home libraries.
The borrowing library is responsible for borrowed material from the time it leaves the lending library until it has been returned to and received by the lending library. This includes all material checked out directly to visiting patrons by the lending libraries or Pickup Elsewhere locations.
The borrowing library will be responsible for compensation or replacement of lost or damaged items, in accordance with the preference of the lending library. The lending library can bill the borrowing library an amount reflecting the cost of replacement. A nominal processing fee can also be charged. The lending library refers patrons who contact them about replacement to their home libraries. The MeLCat replacement default amount will be $100.01. There will be an explanation on the MeLCat billing notice stating that the actual replacement amount may be higher or lower depending on the lending library's policies.
A borrowing library must respond to an invoice from the lending library within a month of its issuance. Payment is expected within three (3) months. If payment is not received within three months and the bill is uncontested, the lending library should notify MeLCat Support with all pertinent details.
MeLCat Support will contact the borrowing library’s Resource Sharing contact. If the library does not respond within one month, a letter will be mailed to the library director and the issue turned over to the State Librarian for action recommendation.
For materials lost in transit between libraries, the borrowing library is responsible for contacting the delivery service. The borrowing library is also responsible for billing the delivery service for the replacement amount they were invoiced by the lending library. To report lost items, use the delivery service assistance form.
Participating libraries will work together to resolve resource sharing problems between themselves and will provide contact persons to follow up promptly on problem reports received.
If problems persist or are ignored, participating libraries may report them to MeLCat Support. MeLCat Support staff will contact the libraries involved to analyze and find solutions to the problems.
If MeLCat Support staff are unable to resolve an interlibrary problem within one (1) month, they may refer the problem to the State Librarian for action recommendations. Serious problems including, but not limited to, unmet financial obligations may result in suspension of MeLCat resource sharing privileges. The State Librarian will be the final arbiter.
These policies will be reviewed as needed by the MeLCat Advisory Committee. Comments on revisions will be solicited from the participating libraries via the MeLCat email discussion list. Participating libraries will have three (3) weeks for comment. In the event a revision is deemed problematic by a majority of commenters, the issue may be further considered by the Advisory Committee before the changes are forwarded to the State Librarian for approval.
Recommended by the MeL Resource Sharing Policies Committee: July 26, 2004
Approved by the State Librarian: August 6, 2004.
Revisions to 4.5, 6.1 and 6.2 approved by the Acting State Librarian: July 15, 2005
Revisions to 8.1 and 8.2 approved by the State Librarian: May 17, 2006.
Revisions to 3.5 approved by the State Librarian: July 1, 2009.
Revisions to 3.4, 3.7, 4.2, 4.5, 4.8, 4.9, 4.12, 4.13, 6.2, 6.7, 8.2, 9.2 and 10.0 approved by the State Librarian: July 14, 2010.
Revisions to 6.5 approved by the State Librarian: July 13, 2011
Revisions to 4.1, 4.8, 4.14, 8.1, 8.3, 9.1, 9.2 approved by the State Librarian: May 22, 2013
Revisions to 2.13, 3.4, 4.7, 6.3, 6.5, 6.8, 7.2. New section 8 added and subsequent sections renumbered. Revisions to new 9.1, 9.2, 11.0 approved by the State Librarian: March 1, 2016